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Year : 2007  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 47-51

Aetiology, management and outcome of entero-cutaneous fistula in Maiduguri, Nigeria

Department of Surgery, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital (UMTH), Maiduguri

Correspondence Address:
U E Eni
Department of Surgery, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital (UMTH), Maiduguri

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 17668715

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BACKGROUND: Enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) remains an important surgical problem with significant morbidity and mortality. This study aims to review the aetiology and management outcome in a depressed economy like ours. METHODS: A retrospective review of 54 patients with ECF admitted into the surgical wards of the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital (UMTH) between January 1994 and December 2004 (11 year period). RESULTS: Thirty two (59.3%) were males and 22 (40.7%) were females giving a male/female ratio of 1.5 to 1. The age ranged from 1 to 58 years with two peak incidents of 20-29 years and 40-49 years. Eighteen cases (33%) occurred following appendicectomy, 12 (22%) following laparotomy for intestinal obstruction, 10 (18.5%) following laparotomy for abdominal malignancies, 7 (13%) followed laparotomy for penetrating abdominal injuries, 3 (5.5%) followed laparotomy for perforated typhoid enteritis, 2 (3.7%) cases were due to spontaneous rupture of strangulated and neglected inguinal hernia, 1 (1.9%) case followed chest tube insertion for pleural effusion in a PTB patient and 1 (1.9%) case followed a native healer's incision on a lumber hernia. Altogether,45 (83.3%) were referred cases from peripheral hospitals. Fourty one (76%) were high output type, while 13 (24%) were low output type. Most patients 32 (59.3%) healed spontaneously on conservative management. Eighteen (33%) had surgical intervention. Eight patients demised giving a mortality rate of 15%. The average hospital stay was 56 days. CONCLUSION: The main cause of ECF in our environment is postoperative (94.4%) with post appendicectomy cases alone accounting for 33%. Majority of our patients (66.7%) were managed conservatively.

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