Medical and Dental Consultantsí Association of Nigeria
Home - About us - Editorial board - Search - Ahead of print - Current issue - Archives - Submit article - Instructions - Subscribe - Advertise - Contacts - Login 
  Users Online: 3440   Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 45-51

A comparative study of use of psychoactive substances amongst secondary school students in two local Government Areas of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria


Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
F Abasiubong
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 18689139

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

BACKGROUND: The use and abuse of psychoactive substances is very rampant, even in our secondary schools. In recent times, there has been a growing concern about negative effects of these substances on youths. The high incidence of school dropouts and other nefarious activities are the resultant impacts on the students. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were: (1) To determine the prevalence of substance use amongst secondary school students. (2) Compare the findings in two different local settings. (3) To determine the sociodemographic variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four hundred secondary school students from two Local Government Areas were assessed for use of psychoactive substances, during the second term of 2004/2005 school session, using a Youth Survey Questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 254 (63.5%) students, consisting of 119 from Uyo and 135 from Eket were analyzed. The mean age of the students in both schools was 17.1 + 2.0 and 16.6 + 1.7 years respectively. The difference in the mean was statistically significant (t = 1.14; df = 3, p > 0.05). More students from Uyo, 37 (31.1%) used kolanuts, 54 (45.4%) sedatives, while more students from Eket, 47 (34.8%) used tobacco/cigarettes, 76 (56.3%) alcohol, 21 (15.6%) Indian hemp, 5 (3.7%) cocaine and 1 (0.7%) heroin. Class level (P = 0.04), upbringing (P = 0.02) and parents' marital status (P = 0.01) was statistically significant in the use of tobacco/cigarettes. Also, class level (P = 0.02) parents' marital status (P = 0.00) was statistically significant in the use of alcohol, while family type (P = 0.00) and parents' marital status was significant in the use of sedatives. Similarly, parents' marital status (P = 0.05) was statistically significant in the use of Indian hemp, while family type (P = 0.00), upbringing (P = 0.03) was significant in cocaine. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study confirm the presence and use of psychoactive substances in varying proportions among students. Therefore, there is need to strengthen the monitoring and preventive programmes aimed at reducing their spread in schools.


[PDF Not available]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed375    
    Printed32    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded0    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 3    

Recommend this journal