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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 320-323

Implanon sub-dermal implants : a 10-month review of acceptability in Jos, North-Central Nigeria

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Plateau State, North-Central Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
J T Mutihir
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Plateau State, North-Central Nigeria

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 19320403

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OBJECTIVE: To determine the acceptance of Implanon so far, the group of women accepting it, insertion complications and immediate post insertion problems, if any, and report our initial experience with the method. METHODOLOGY: This was a retrospective review study of all cases of Implanon acceptors between 1st May and 28th February 2007. Demographic and social factors were collated. Insertion and post-insertion complications were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 2,608 clients accepted contraceptive methods out of which 350 clients had Implanon capsules inserted within the study period (13.4%). One hundred and ninety-one (54.6%) of the acceptors desired more children, and therefore using it to space pregnancies, 154 (44.0%) would not want more children, but opted for the temporary long term method, and 5 (1.4%) were uncertain whether to have more children in the future or not. The mean age and parity of acceptors were 32.4 years and 3.6 respectively. The mean number of living children to the women was 3.4. All the women were married. About three-quarters (75.8%) of the women had secondary and tertiary education. Seventy-two (20.6%) of the women were taking a modern contraceptive method for the first time. The rest 278 (79.4%) had used one or more methods of contraception, and were only switching over to Implanon sub-dermal implants. The patients weighed between 40 and 122 kg with an average of 62.4 kg. Post-insertion complications like infection, expulsion, bruising and induration were not reported. Four women discontinued the method for varying reasons. CONCLUSION: Women are accepting the new method. Over three-quarters of the clients are switching from other methods to Implanon. The method appears to have good continuation rate and therefore a promising long term sub-dermal contraceptive method amongst our women.

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