Medical and Dental Consultantsí Association of Nigeria
Home - About us - Editorial board - Search - Ahead of print - Current issue - Archives - Submit article - Instructions - Subscribe - Advertise - Contacts - Login 
  Users Online: 701   Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
 
CASE REPORT
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 351-355

Aggressive behaviour and mental illness: A study of inpatients at Aro neuropsychiatric hospital, Abeokuta


1 Department of Psychiatry, Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Aro, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria
2 Department of Mental Health, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University,Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
F O Fatoye
Department of Mental Health, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University,Ile-Ife, Osun State
Nigeria
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 20857802

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

Objectives: To determine the magnitude and pattern of aggressive behaviour among psychiatric in-patients and identity associated socio-demographic and clinical factors. Method: The study was cross-sectional in design. Among patients admitted to the Neuro-psychiatric Hospital, Aro (and its Lantoro annex), Abeokuta between January 1 to December 31, 2005, those who manifested aggressive behaviour were identified. Each was evaluated by the medical team, and a questionnaire detailing socio-demographic and clinic variables was administered on them. Results: A total of 305 patients comprising 213 (69.8%) males and 92(30.2%) females were managed as inpatients during the period of the survey. Out of these, 43 patients manifested aggressive behaviour representing a rate of 13.8%. The aggressive patients consisted of 26 males and 17 females, representing rates of 12.2 and 18.5 percent for the sexes respectively. Of the 11 diagnoses entered for all the patients, only 3 were associated with aggressive behaviour. These included schizophrenia, 21 patients (48.8%); bipolar manic illness, 12 patients (27.9%) and co-morbid substance use (mainly cannabis) and mental disorder, 10 patients (22.3%). Nursing personnel constituted the majority of target of aggression. Unemployment was the only socio demographic variable observed with significant positive relationship with aggressive behaviour. In addition, the commonest probable precipitants of aggressive behaviour included hallucinations, clamouring for discharge and attempting to abscond, reaction to confrontational interview, impulsivity and reaction to unmet demands. Conclusion: Mental health practitioners (especially nurses) should be equipped with necessary skills in managing aggressive and potentially aggressive patients. The present observations may be useful in raising the suspicion of care providers on potentially aggressive patients for preventive purpose.


[PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed720    
    Printed48    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded190    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 3    

Recommend this journal