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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 253-261

Probable autoimmune causal relationship between periodontitis and Hashimotos thyroidits: A systemic review

1 Department of Periodontology, S. Nijalingappa Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Gulbarga, India
2 Departments Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, S. Nijalingappa Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Gulbarga, India
3 Departments Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, KLE's Institute of Dental Sciences, Bengaluru, India

Correspondence Address:
B S Patil
Room No.3,Department of Periodontology, H.K.E.S s S.N.Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Sedam Road,Gulbarga 585105, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1119-3077.86763

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Periodontitis is a multifactorial disease with microbial dental plaque as the initiator of periodontal disease. However, the manifestation and progression of the disease is influenced by a wide variety of determinants and factors. The strongest type of causal relationship is the association of systemic and periodontal disease. Hashimotos thyroiditis has also been considered as one of the causes of periodontal disease. As a matter of fact, on an autoimmune basis, in Hashimotos disease and periodontal disease, we have made an attempt to derive the common mechanisms, with an evidence base. The need for this kind of review was due to the fact that the outcome of periodontal therapy did not give the expected results in patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Hence, a possible link between Hashimotos thyroiditis and periodontitis was considered.

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