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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 62-66

Reducing maternal deaths in a low resource setting in Nigeria


1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ittuku-Ozalla, Nigeria
2 Department of Anesthesia, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ittuku-Ozalla, Nigeria
3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Enugu State University Teaching Hospital, Parklane, Enugu State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
E C Ezugwu
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ittuku-Ozalla PMB 01129, Enugu State
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1119-3077.122842

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Objective: To assess the impact of the adoption of evidence based guidelines on maternal mortality reduction at Enugu State University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of all maternal deaths between 1 st January, 2005 and 31 st December, 2010 was carried out. Evidence based management guidelines for eclampsia and post-partum hemorrhage were adopted. These interventions strategy were carried out from 1 st January, 2008-31 st December, 2010 and the result compared with that before the interventions (2005-2007). Main outcome measure: Maternal mortality ratio (MMR) and case fatality rates. Results: There were 9150 live births and 59 maternal deaths during the study period, giving an MMR of 645/100 000 live births. Pregnant women who had no antenatal care had almost 10 times higher MMR. There was 43.5% reduction in the MMR with the interventions (488 vs. 864/100 000 live births P = 0.039, odds ratio = 1.77). There was also significant reduction in case fatality rate for both eclampsia (15.8% vs. 2.7%; P = 0.024, odds ratio = 5.84 and Post partum hemorrhage (PPH) (13.6% vs. 2.5% P value = 0.023, odds ratio = 5.5. Obstetric hemorrhage was the most common cause of death (23.73%), followed by the eclampsia. Conclusion: Administration of evidence based intervention is possible in low resource settings and could contribute to a significant reduction in the maternal deaths.


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