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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 81-85

The effect of orthodontic extraoral appliances on depression and the anxiety levels of patients and parents


1 Private Orthodontics, Mersin, Turkey
2 Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Abant Izzet Baysal, Bolu, Turkey
3 Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Cumhuriyet, Sivas, Turkey
4 Department of Orthodontics, School of Medicine, Gaziantep, Turkey
5 Department of Psychiatry, State Hospital of Sivas, Sivas, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
T Topcuoglu
Bahce Avenue, 4601th Street Mersin, 33000
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1119-3077.122850

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Background: Psychosocial consequences and post-operative anxiety in patients after fixed orthodontic treatment are important parameters that must be evaluated by clinicians not to effect patient and their parent's psychosocial mood negatively. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in depression and anxiety levels of orthodontic patients and their parents before the extraoral appliance therapy, and at a 1-year follow-up. Materials and Methods: Patients and one of their parents responded to a series of questionnaires and evaluation scales in order to assess depression and anxiety levels. Two groups of patients and their parents were surveyed; one group that had not yet embarked on the treatment and another that had commenced extra-oral appliance therapy 1 year prior to the study. Results: The 1-year-treatment group scored significantly higher than the pre-treatment group on the depression scale and the trait-anxiety scale. State-trait anxiety inventory scores did not differ significantly between the groups. The parents of the 1-year-treatment group also scored significantly higher on the Beck depression inventory than those of the pre-treatment group. Conclusion: The results of this study emphasize the need for due consideration of psychological parameters before and during treatment with extra-oral appliances, particularly with regard to depression and anxiety.


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