Medical and Dental Consultantsí Association of Nigeria
Home - About us - Editorial board - Search - Ahead of print - Current issue - Archives - Submit article - Instructions - Subscribe - Advertise - Contacts - Login 
  Users Online: 7148   Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 272-277

Self-perceived oral health and whole salivary immunoglobulin G levels in habitual gutka-chewers and nonchewers


1 Department of Periodontics and Community Dentistry, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Dental Health, Dental Biomaterials Research Chair, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Dental, University Hospitals, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Dentistry, Jinah Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan; Department of Prosthetic Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
5 Division of General Dentistry, Eastman Institute for Oral Health, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA
6 Department of Periodontology, School of Dental Medicine, Stony Brook University, NY, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. F Javed
Division of General Dentistry, Eastman Institute for Oral Health, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14642
USA
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: The authors extend their appreciation to the Research Center, College of Applied Medical Sciences and Deanship of Scientific Research at King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia for funding this research. The authors also thank the Visiting Professor Program at King Saud University, Saudi Arabia for supporting this research project,, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1119-3077.164337

Rights and Permissions

Objective: To assess self-perceived oral health and whole salivary immunoglobulin G (IgG) levels among habitual gutka-chewers and nonchewers (controls). Materials and Methods: Fifty gutka-chewers and fifty controls were included. Demographic data and self-perceived oral health status (pain in teeth, pain on chewing, bleeding gums (BG), bad breath, loose teeth and daily oral hygiene protocols) were collected using a questionnaire. Unstimulated whole saliva (UWS) was collected and unstimulated whole salivary flow rate (UWSFR) was determined. Whole salivary IgG levels were determined using standard techniques. Odds ratios were calculated for oral symptoms and group differences in protein levels were compared using one-way analysis of variance (α± <5%). Results: BG was more often reported by gutka-chewers than controls (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in UWSFR and self-perceived pain in teeth, pain on chewing, bad breath and loose teeth among gutka-chewers and controls. IgG levels were significantly higher among gutka-chewers than controls (P < 0.01). Among gutka-chewers, whole salivary IgG levels were comparable individuals with and without self-perceived oral symptoms. Among controls, IgG levels in UWS were significantly higher among individuals who had BG than those who did not (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Self-perceived oral health is worse and whole salivary IgG levels are higher in gutka-chewers compared to controls.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed1131    
    Printed82    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded164    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 4    

Recommend this journal