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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 12  |  Page : 1522-1526

The prevalence of osteoporosis among antenatal clinic attendees in a rural mission hospital in South-East Nigeria


1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Teaching Hospital/ Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Teaching Hospital/ Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Nigeria, Enugu State, Nigeria
3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Teaching Hospital/ Ebonyi State University; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mile 4 Catholic Hospital, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
4 Department of Community Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital/ Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. L O Ajah
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu State
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_267_16

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Introduction: Osteoporosis is a global public health problem characterized by reduction of bone mineral density (BMD). This study aimed to assess the prevalence of osteoporosis among antenatal clinic attendees in a rural Southeastern hospital. Material and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of booking Antenatal Clinic Attendees at Mile 4 Catholic Hospital, Abakaliki, between October 2014 and February 2015. The study participants were selected through systematic random sampling. The BMD of the right calcaneal bone of the participants was measured using the OsteoPro, a Quantitative ultrasound scan. Results: A total of 327 eligible women participated in the study. The average age of the participants was 29 ± 4.5 years. The average parity was 2 ± 1.6 childbirths. The mean T-score was −1.19 ± 4.9. Osteoporosis and osteopenia were recorded in 119 women (36.4%) and 56 women (17.1%), respectively, whereas 152 (46.5%) were within normal range. History of regular exercise by the respondents is statistically significant on the reduction of osteopenia and osteoporosis (P ≤ 0.05). The history of ever use of calcium supplementation by the study participants in the index pregnancy did not have any significant effect on the reduction of osteoporosis. Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of osteoporosis among pregnant women in Southeast Nigeria. This may be due to the predominant poor adherence and low dose of calcium supplementation among pregnant women in this environment. Therefore, there is an urgent need for sensitization on this public health problem.


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