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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 799-803

HCV co-infection is associated with metabolic abnormalities among HAART naive HIV-infected persons


1 Department of Chemical Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo, Nigeria
2 Department of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo, Nigeria
3 Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo, Nigeria
4 Adult Antiretroviral Clinic, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo, Nigeria
5 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo, Nigeria
6 Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
K M Kuti
Department of Chemical Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1119-3077.212444

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Objectives: To determine the metabolic abnormalities among Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) co infected HAART naïve HIV infected persons within the adult ARV clinic of the University College Hospital/University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria Methods: This was a retrospective study involving the review of clinical records of newly recruited HIV-infected persons in the adult antiretroviral (ARV) clinic over a 12 month period (January - December 2006). Baseline results for fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and fasting lipid profile were retrieved. Results: Out of the 1,260 HIV infected persons seen during the study period, HCV co-infection was found in 75 (6%) persons. The median values for total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol were lower in the HCV co-infected persons. HIV-HCV co–infection was associated with a 0.31 mmol/L depression in Total Cholesterol (TC). The median FPG concentration was significantly higher in HIV-HCV co–infected than HIV only infected persons (5.33mmol/L vs. 5.00mmol/L, p = 0.047). However, regression analysis showed there was no relationship between the HIV-HCV co infected state and fasting glucose levels. Conclusion: HIV-HCV co-infection may be associated with a predictable decline in plasma cholesterol, but FPG may not be sufficient to demonstrate insulin resistance in these persons.


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