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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 1074-1078

An audit of endometrial hyperplasias at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital


1 Department of Anatomic and Molecular Pathology, College of Medicine University of Lagos, Idi-Araba, Lagos, Nigeria
2 Department of Anatomic and Molecular Pathology, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi-Araba, Lagos, Nigeria
3 Department of Anatomic and Molecular Pathology, College of Medicine University of Lagos and Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi-Araba, Lagos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
O O Dawodu
Department of Anatomic and Molecular Pathology, College of Medicine University of Lagos, PMB 12003, Idi-Araba, Lagos
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_274_16

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Introduction: There has been much controversy and confusion surrounding the endometrial hyperplasias stemming from the use of a wide variety of terminologies and also from the pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying the various entities. The current classification by the World Health Organization (WHO) published in 2014 clarifies these issues. Objective: The aim of this study, therefore, was to audit and standardize cases of endometrial hyperplasia diagnosed in our institution from 2007 to 2011. Materials and Methods: The slides and request forms of cases diagnosed as endometrial hyperplasias at the Department of Anatomic and Molecular Pathology from January 1, 2007, to December 31, 2011 were retrieved, reviewed, and reported according to the WHO 2014 classification scheme. Results: Hyperplasia without atypia accounted for the vast majority of cases (95.5%) and was the most common in the 5th decade. Concordance rates of 74.5% and 100% were found between endometrial hyperplasias without atypia and atypical hyperplasias with their previous diagnoses, respectively. Conclusion: The WHO classification scheme standardizes and simplifies the terminology used in the diagnosis of endometrial hyperplasias, while reflecting, at the same time, the current understanding of genetic changes that provide information necessary for prognostication and treatment.


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