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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 10  |  Page : 1304-1310

Dental anxiety and oral health-related quality of life in children following dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia or intravenous sedation: A prospective cross-sectional study


1 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Baskent University, Ankara, Turkey
2 Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Baskent University, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. S E Guney
Karsiyaka Oral and Dental Health Center, 6178/2 Street, No: 3, Karsiyaka, Izmir
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_150_18

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Purpose: The study aimed to investigate dental anxiety and oral health-related quality of life among children undergoing dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia (GA) and intravenous sedation (IVS). Materials and Methods: Participants were 99 healthy children aged 3–5 or 6–12 years operated under GA or IVS. Dental anxiety before treatment and 1 month postoperatively were measured using the Frankl behavior scale (FBS), the venham picture test (VPT), the early childhood oral health impact scale (ECOHIS), and the children's fear survey schedule-dental subscale (CFSS-DS). Data were analyzed using Student's t-test and Mann–Whitney U-test. Results: ECOHIS scores decreased in all groups. VPT scores increased in the 3–5-year-olds treated under GA (P = 0.003). Postoperative CFSS-DS anxiety scores were lower in IVS groups. FBS scores were significantly higher for both age groups (P < 0.001). There was no effect of numbers of extracted or treated teeth. Conclusions: Dental rehabilitation under GA and IVS improved the quality of life and dental behavior. In the 6–12-year-olds, there was no statistically significant difference between children undergoing dental operations under GA and those undergoing dental operations under IVS. Dental anxiety decreased in 3–5-year-olds after treatment under GA but not after IVS.


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