Medical and Dental Consultantsí Association of Nigeria
Home - About us - Editorial board - Search - Ahead of print - Current issue - Archives - Submit article - Instructions - Subscribe - Advertise - Contacts - Login 
  Users Online: 1937   Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 10  |  Page : 1368-1373

A community-based surveillance of gastrointestinal helminthiasis among pregnant women in Ibadan, South West Nigeria

Department of Paediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Medical Microbiology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan and University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. F A Bello
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan and University College Hospital, Ibadan
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_196_17

Rights and Permissions

Background: Intestinal helminthiasis is a major public health problem in Africa. Helminthic infection in pregnant women causes loss of appetite, poor nutrient absorption, gastrointestinal impairment, iron deficiency, and iron deficiency anemia resulting in low birth weights and preterm births. The main aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of helminthic infections in pregnant women in rural and peri-urban communities of Ibadan. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at the antenatal clinics of 12 selected primary health centers and mission homes in Ibadan, Nigeria. Open- and closed-answer questionnaires were administered to 604 consenting pregnant women, who provided fresh stool samples for microscopy. Helminthic quantification was carried out by the Kato-Katz technique. Proportions were compared using Chi-squared with IBM® SPSS® Statistics 21 for analysis. Statistical significance was set at P < 0.05. Results: Eighty-nine stool samples (14.7%) were positive for helminthiasis. Most had roundworms (13.6%); 13 (2.2%) had hookworms. The mean arithmetic eggs per gram of feces were 2,124 and 248, respectively. No participant had a heavy intensity infection; nearly all were of low intensity. Participants (P = 0.005) and their husbands (P = 0.005) who had higher education were less likely to have helminthiasis. Conclusion: These communities are classified as Category III, having a low prevalence and low intensity infection. Therefore, prophylactic anti-helminthic treatment in pregnancy is not recommended. The inverse relationship with education may be a function of better living conditions. Better hygiene should be advocated.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded110    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal