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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 11  |  Page : 1468-1475

Parental monitoring and substance use among youths: A survey of high school adolescents in Lagos State, Nigeria


1 Department of Community Health and Primary Care, College of Medicine, University of Lagos; Department of Community Health, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi Araba, Lagos State, Nigeria
2 Department of Community Health, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi Araba, Lagos State, Nigeria
3 Department of Community Health, College of Medicine, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Lagos State, Nigeria
4 Department of Community Health and Primary Care, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Idi Araba, Lagos State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. O O Odukoya
Department of Community Health and Primary Care, College of Medicine, University of Lagos Idi-Araba, Lagos State
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_15_16

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Background: Risk behaviours including marijuana use, alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking have a significant impact on the present and future health of adolescents. There are limited studies in sub-Saharan Africa to show evidence, if it exists, of the relationship between parental monitoring practices and the prevalence of substance use among adolescents. The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between parental monitoring practices and alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking and marijuana use among in-school adolescents in Mushin Local Government Area of Lagos State, South-Western Nigeria. Methods: This was a cross-sectional survey of 437 in-school adolescents randomly selected from two schools in Mushin Local Government Area of Lagos State, Nigeria. Information on socio-demographic characteristics, the three domains of parental monitoring practices (Parental monitoring; negotiated unsupervised time and parental trust) and substance use were elicited using a modified version of parental monitoring practice scale and the Youth Risk Behaviour Surveillance System (YRBSS) questionnaire. Independent T tests and logistic regression models were used to assess relationship between parental monitoring practices and substance use. Results: The overall prevalence of use of any of the substance was 21.7%. Negotiated unsupervised time was significantly associated with use of alcohol (P < 0.05), marijuana (P < 0.05) and cigarette smoking (P < 0.05). After controlling for age and gender, one unit increase in parental monitoring reduced the odds of engaging in any substance use by 10% (AOR = 0.90, 95% CI = 0.81-0.99) while a similar increase in negotiated unsupervised time significantly increases the odds of any substance use by 7% (AOR = 1.07, 95% CI = 1.01-1.14). Conclusion: Of the three domains assessed, negotiated unsupervised time was consistently associated with substance use among these youth. Efforts to educate parents on the need to restrict unsupervised time of their wards may be warranted.


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