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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 46-50

Diagnostic value of transvaginal four-dimensional hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography combined with recanalization in patients with tubal infertility


1 Department of Ultrasound, Binzhou Medical University Hospital, Binzhou, China
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Binzhou Medical University Hospital, Binzhou, China

Correspondence Address:
Dr. G H Cui
Department of Ultrasound, Binzhou Medical University Hospital, 661 Yellow River Road, Binzhou - 256603
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_376_17

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Background: A retrospective study was designed to evaluate the diagnostic value of transvaginal four-dimensional hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography (TVS 4D-HyCoSy) combined with recanalization versus laparoscopy for patients with tubal infertility. Materials and Methods: A total of 195 patients undergoing TVS 4D-HyCoSy were analyzed retrospectively. Of these, 72 patients underwent laparoscopy, which was the gold standard. The endpoints were coincidence rate (defined as a parameter consistent with results arising from TVS 4D-HyCoSy and laparoscopic examination using dye), sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and Youden index for TVS 4D-HyCoSy. Results: A total of 385 fallopian tubes were assessed by TVS 4D-HyCoSy, of which 147 (38.2%) were tubal patency, 178 (46.2%) as partial tubal obstruction, and 60 (15.6%) as complete tubal obstruction. Of 195 patients, 72 patients with 144 fallopian tubes underwent laparoscopy and a total coincidence rate of 90.97% compared with TVS 4D-HyCoSy. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and Youden index for 4D-HyCoSy versus laparoscopy were 97.7%, 86.7%, 98.4%, 81.3%, and 0.84, respectively. Conclusions: TVS 4D-HyCoSy represents a highly useful method for diagnosing tubal patency. However, further large-scale studies are warranted to investigate our findings in patients with tubal infertility.


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