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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 221-226

Profile of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Ilorin who were never-smokers

Pulmonology Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. O B Ojuawo
Pulmonary Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Kwara State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_344_18

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Background: The most recognized risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) worldwide is cigarette smoking. However, recent surveys have revealed an increasing trend from nonsmoking causes especially from biomass exposure. This study, therefore, aimed to determine the proportion of patients and the clinical pattern of COPD among never-smokers in Ilorin. Subjects and Methods: This is a retrospective study in which case records of patients with clinical diagnosis of COPD from January 2013 to December 2017 were reviewed. Data were collected with respect to their sociodemographic characteristics, clinical details, comorbid illnesses, and severity of the disease. Results: A total of 135 case records of patients with COPD were reviewed, of which 66 had spirometric confirmation of the disease. In all, 38 (57.6%) of them were never-smokers with a male-to-female ratio of 1:1.1. The mean age of the subjects was 64.5 ± 11.7 years. Cough and exertional dyspnea were the most common symptoms (89.5% each), and systemic hypertension was the most common comorbid illness. Firewood exposure constituted the most common nonsmoking risk factor (47.4%), and the majority of the patients had mild COPD. When compared with ever-smokers, the mean post bronchodilator lung function parameters were found to be significantly better in never-smokers. Conclusion: Over half of COPD cases in Ilorin were never-smokers with firewood exposure as the main risk factor. This study has further highlighted the need for increased awareness of the hazards of biomass fuel exposure in our setting.

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