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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 478-484

Postoperative analgesia after total abdominal hysterectomy: Is the transversus abdominis plane block effective?


1 Department of Anesthesiology, Bitlis Government Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
2 Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Ankara Oncology Education and Research Hospital, Demetevler, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. D Kalayci
Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Ankara Oncology Education and Research Hospital, Demetevler, Ankara
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_61_15

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Background: Analgesic protocol is needed following gynecologic surgery to ensure early mobilization, decrease the duration in the post-anesthetic care unit and hospitalization, and provide patient comfort. Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks are used in the treatment of acute postoperative pain after lower abdominal surgery. TAP block may be a better choice of postoperative pain control. In the present study, the efficacy of ultrasound-guided TAP block on pain control and postoperative opioid consumption was evaluated in patients undergoing a total abdominal hysterectomy. Methods: Fifty patients undergoing total abdominal hysterectomy were included in this study. Patients were divided into TAP block (n = 25) and control groups (n = 25). Both groups postoperative patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) was planned during 24 h postoperatively. Patients were assessed 1, 2, 4, 6, 12, 18, and 24 h postoperatively using the Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Ramsey Sedation Score, PCA demand, morphine consumption, first analgesic requirement time, and adverse reactions. Results: When compared with the control group, the time to first analgesic requirement in the TAP block group was significantly lower (P < 0.05). The amount of additional analgesia also differed significantly (P < 0.001). In the TAP group, the VAS was significantly lower at 2, 4, 6, 12, 18, and 24 h postoperatively compared to the control group (P < 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in adverse reactions. Conclusion: TAP block can effectively treat postoperative pain as part of multimodal analgesia in patients undergoing total abdominal hysterectomy.


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