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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 669-674

Effects of attachment type and palatal coverage on oral perception and patient satisfaction in maxillary implant-supported complete denture patients


1 Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey
2 Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey
3 Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Yeni Yüzyıl University, İstanbul, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. K Kilic
Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Erciyes University, Kayseri
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_14_19

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Aim: The effect of oral rehabilitation on the oral perception of implant-supported overdenture patients is a concern. This study evaluated the effects of the attachment type and palatal coverage on oral perception and patient satisfaction in maxillary implant-supported complete denture patients. Subjects and Methods: The correlation between oral perceptual ability (OPA) and patient satisfaction in three groups was investigated. Group I consisted of dentate individuals (n = 40), Group II consisted of maxillary implant-supported complete denture patients with bar attachments and palatal coverage (n = 12), and Group III of maxillary implant-supported complete denture patients with magnetic attachments and palatal coverage (n = 14). In addition, implant-supported maxillary overdentures with bar attachments, with (Group II; n = 12) and without (Group IV; n = 18) palatal coverage, were examined in terms of patient satisfaction and OPA. The relationship between OPA and patient satisfaction was assessed with the Turkish version of the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-TR-14) satisfaction survey. To compare oral sensory function among the groups, tactile awareness and pressure awareness were assessed. Results: There was no significant difference in OHIP-TR-14 scores between Groups II and III. In addition, there was no correlation between oral tactile function and patient satisfaction in Groups II and III. For patients with maxillary bar-retained implant-supported overdentures, palatal coverage did not affect the correlation between OPA and patient satisfaction, lateral pressure threshold, or tactile thickness threshold. Conclusion: According to the results of the study, whether maxillary implant-supported overdentures were made with a bar- or magnetic-type retainer, and whether bar-retained implant-supported overdentures had an open or closed palate did not affect the correlation between patient satisfaction and oral perception.


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