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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 675-681

Factors associated with HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination by medical professionals in Korea: A survey of infectious disease specialists in Korea


1 Department of Preventive Medicine, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, Republic of Korea
2 Department of Emergency Medicine, Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea
3 Department of Research, Women with Disabilities Empathy, Seoul, Republic of Korea
4 Department of Research, Korean Network of People Living with HIV/AIDS, Seoul, Republic of Korea
5 Department of Nuclear Medicine, College of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Correspondence Address:
Dr. D H Kim
Department of Emergency Medicine, Incheon St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul
Republic of Korea
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_440_17

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Objectives: This study sought to identify factors associated with this discrimination by medical professionals in Korea. Subjects and Methods: This study was a cross-sectional survey. We conducted web-based surveys against infectious disease specialists and infectious disease nurse. We evaluated the frequency of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS-related discrimination by medical professionals by health service type on the 5-point scale. We identified the association between several factors and HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination by medical professionals on the 5-point scale. Results: A total of 81 experts, 57 infectious disease specialists (approximately 27% of all infectious disease specialists in Korea) and 24 infectious disease nurse practitioners, participated in this study. The frequency of stigma and discrimination increased significantly when invasive treatment included both outpatient and inpatient services (both P < 0.05). Medical professional's preconceptions, fear of infection, and lack of knowledge have an association with HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination by medical professionals. Conclusion: HIV/AIDS-related stigma and discrimination by medical professionals in Korea might be associated with factors related to the fear of medical professionals.


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