Medical and Dental Consultantsí Association of Nigeria
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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 885-890

Cultural constraints in the use of dental implants and orthodontic mini-implants in Benin City, Nigeria

1 Department of Preventive Dentistry, University of Benin Teaching Hospital and University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Benin Teaching Hospital and University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. I N Ize-Iyamu
Department of Preventive Dentistry, University of Benin, P.O. Box 7022, Benin City, Edo State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_491_18

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Background: Dental implants and orthodontic mini implants or temporary anchorage devices (TAD) have been used for tooth replacement and as adjuncts to orthodontic treatment in anchorage control and retraction of segments of teeth respectively. They are manufactured from various materials with titanium being the currently used material. The patients in our environment have diverse cultural acceptances and constraints with some prohibiting the use of certain materials in their oral cavity. Aim: The aim of this study therefore was to determine the existence of cultural constraints in the use of dental or orthodontic min-implants and compare them in the management of patients. Materials and Methods: Four groups of dental patients were selected to determine if cultural constraints exist. Groups 1 and 2 were patients with either anterior or posterior missing teeth requiring replacement with dental implants (implant group) or partial dentures (denture group), respectively. Group 3 were orthodontic patients requiring TAD (orthodontic group) and group 4 were patients with other dental problems and served as the control (normal group). Associations between frequencies, gender, educational, and cultural differences were evaluated with the Chi-square test. Significant values of P < 0.05 were applied where applicable. Results: A total number of 192 participants were recruited for the study. Group 1 had the highest number of culturally constrained participants (n = 21, 10.9%). A significantly higher number from the group was seen (n = 11, 52.4%) among the African Traditional worshippers (ATR). Although a total number of 58 (30.2%) patients replaced their missing teeth, 37 (19.3%) utilized partial dentures in group 2 with no cultural constraints. Orthodontic implants were not rejected (n = 0, 0%) by all the four groups. Group 4 demonstrated a low level of constraints (n = 7, 4.2%). Of the four religious groups identified, ATR demonstrated the highest level of constraints with Christians and Muslims showing fewer constraints to the use of implants (n = 7, 33.3%) and (n = 2, 9.5%), respectively. Participants with the highest educational levels and social classes were more culturally constrained in the use of dental implants. Conclusion: Cultural constraints exist in the use of dental implants in our environment among African Traditional religion worshippers. There was, however, no cultural constraint to the use of orthodontic implants by any of the religious groups.

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