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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 932-935

Hepatitis B surface antigenemia in two rural communities in Enugu, Nigeria


1 Department of Chemical Pathology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria
2 Department of Internal Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. I A Meka
Department of Chemical Pathology, College of Medicine/University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku/Ozalla, Enugu
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_108_18

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Background: Hepatitis B virus infection is endemic in Nigeria, yet few data exist about the extent of infection in rural communities. Objective: To determine seroprevalence of hepatitis B surface antigenemia in two rural communities in Nigeria. Methods: A 330-person survey for seroprevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was carried out in two rural communities in Enugu State, Nigeria, in January, 2017. All study participants were screened for HBsAg using chromatographic immunoassay. Results: The mean age of participants was 57.2 ± 17.4 years, (range = 10–92 years) with 168 (50.9%) aged 60 years and above. The prevalence of HBsAg was found to be 2.1% with the 18–29 years age group having the highest prevalence. Conclusion: There is need to increase hepatitis B surveillance in rural communities to reduce transmission and institute early treatment.


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