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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 1140-1146

Hypertension and its risk factors among male adolescents in intermediate and secondary schools in Sakaka City, Aljouf Region of Saudi Arabia


1 Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia; Department of Community Medicine, SK. Institute of Medical Sciences, Soura, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
2 College of Medicine, Jouf University, Sakaka, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. A Bandy
Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Jouf University, PO Box 2014, Sakaka; Department of Community Medicine, SK. Institute of Medical Sciences, Soura, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_507_18

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Objective: Hypertension among adolescents is an emerging public health problem. The current study aims to estimate the burden of hypertension and identify its risk factors among male adolescents of intermediate and secondary schools. Subjects and Methods: This is a school-based cross-sectional study that targeted 400 male adolescents in the age group of 15–17 years. Blood pressure was defined as per the “Fourth report on the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure in children and adolescents”. An electronic device approved for use by the European Society of Hypertension International Protocol revision 2010, (Omron M3W; HEM-7202-E) was used for measuring blood pressure. CDC's body mass index tool was adopted for defining overweight and obesity. Descriptive analysis for hypertension and the risk factors were carried out. Chi-square test and odds ratios were calculated to assess any association between categorical variables. Results: Overall 36 (9.0%) adolescents had prehypertension and 69 (17.2%) had hypertension. Systolic prehypertension, systolic hypertension, diastolic prehypertension, and diastolic hypertension were present in 6.5%, 17.2%, 5.8%, and 9.0% of the adolescents, respectively. Bivariate analysis revealed that overweight and obesity, no physical activity, or once-a-week physical activity, positive family history of hypertension, and smoking were predictors of systolic prehypertension and showed a significant relationship with systolic hypertension. Conclusion: There is a considerable prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension, among school-going male adolescents. We recommend school-based health education programs and routine screening directed toward the risk factors of noncommunicable diseases like hypertension with special attention to obesity, physical inactivity, and smoking.


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