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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 71-78

Prevalence, risk factors, and outcome of hospitalization of neonatal hyperglycemia at a Nigerian health facility

1 Department of Paediatrics, Wesley Guild Hospital, Ilesa, Nigeria
2 Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. E O Adeniji
P.O. BOX 754, Osogbo, Osun State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_229_19

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Background: Neonatal hyperglycemia (NNH) like hypoglycemia is a dangerous metabolic disorder often associated with adverse consequences, if undetected and untreated. This study was set out to determine the prevalence, risk factors, and outcomes of babies with the point of admission hyperglycaemia at the Wesley Guild Hospital (WGH), Ilesa. Methods: The study was descriptive and cross-sectional, involving 300 consecutively recruited neonates admitted into the special care baby unit (SCBU) of the hospital. All subjects had blood glucose done at the point of admission using Accu-Chek Active® glucometer (Roche Diagnostics GmbH, Germany). Hyperglycemia was defined as blood glucose ≥7.0 mmol/L. Factors associated with NNH were determined using univariate and multivariate analyses. Results: Of the 300 subjects (Male: Female 1.5:1), there were 74 (24.7%) preterms, 35 (11.7%) small-for-gestational age and 85 (28.3%) low-birth-weight babies. Eighteen (6.0%) babies had hyperglycemia. Parental low socioeconomic class, maternal lack of antenatal care (ANC), vaginal delivery, grand multiparity, outborn status, respiratory distress, probable sepsis, and neonatal anemia at presentation were associated with NNH (P < 0.05). Respiratory distress (OR = 3.800, 95% CI = 1.122-12.873, P = 0.032), and probable sepsis (OR = 4.090, 95% CI = 1.206-13.872, P = 0.024) were independent predictors of hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia was significantly associated with mortality. (38.9% vs. 11.0%; P = 0.001). Conclusion: Neonatal hyperglycemia was detected in 6.0% of neonatal admission at the WGH, Ilesa and it was associated with increased mortality. Hyperglycemia should be suspected and promptly managed at the point of admission of ill newborns particularly those with respiratory distress and signs of sepsis.

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