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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 775-782

Anxiety levels, quality of life and related socio-demographic factors in patients with type 2 diabetes


1 Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Gaziantep University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Üniversite Avenue- 27310 Sehitkamil, Gaziantep, Turkey
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Sahin- Sanko University, Faculty of Medicine, Degirmicem, Sehitkamil, Gaziantep, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. A Z Sahin
Department of Internal Medicine, Sanko University, Faculty of Medicine, Degirmicem Aveneu - 27090 Şehitkamil, Gaziantep
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_523_19

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Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between anxiety level and quality of life in patients with diabetes mellitus and the sociodemographic factors affecting them. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled 150 patients with DM who presented to the endocrinology clinic of Gaziantep University Şahinbey Research and Training Hospital for outpatient treatment between March 2017 and April 2017. The Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and Eortc-Qlqc30 Quality of Life Scale (EORTC- QLQ-C30) were used to evaluate anxiety levels and quality of life of the patients. Results: The mean score of the patients obtained from BAI was 18 ± 13 and 51.4 ± 26 from EORTC- QLQ-C30. Mean body mass index of patients' was 27.03. There was a statistically significant negative correlation between BAI and EORTC QLQ-C30 (r:−0.359) and sub scales in terms of physical function (r: −0.253), emotional function (r: −0.201), role function (r: −0.308), cognitive function (r: −0.309) (P < 0.05). There was a statistically significant positive correlation between BAI and the symptom subscales of EORTC QLQ-C30 in terms of pain score (r: 0.276), fatigue score (r: 0.305), dyspnea score (r: 0.198), insomnia score (r: 0.247), loss of appetite score (r: 0.216) (P < 0.05). Conclusion: A negative relationship was determined between anxiety levels and quality of life. Age, marital status, number of spouses, co inhabitants at home, educational status, living place were related with both quality of life and anxiety levels of DM patients. Increasing the psychosocial support systems of individuals with DM may reduce their anxiety levels and increase quality of life.


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