Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 460--468

Relationship between self-efficacy and pain control in Iranian women with advanced knee osteoarthritis


N Mirmaroofi1, A Ghahramanian2, M Behshid3, F Jabbarzadeh3, TC Onyeka4, M Asghari-Jafarabadi5, J Ganjpour-Sales6 
1 Department of Orthopaedics, Shohada Medical Research and Training Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Medical Surgical, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Haematology and Oncology Research Centre, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Department of Medical Surgical, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4 Department of Anaesthesia/Pain and Palliative Care Unit, Multidisciplinary Oncology Centre, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Nigeria
5 Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Road Traffic Injury Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
6 Department of Orthopaedics, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. A Ghahramanian
Medical Surgical Department, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Haematology and Oncology Research Centre, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, South Shariati St, Tabriz, East Azerbaijani
Iran

Objectives: This study aimed to determine the relationship between pain of osteoarthritis (OA) and body mass index (BMI), age, pain control strategy, self-efficacy for pain control, exercise, and functional activities in a cohort of Iranian women. Subjects and Methods: In total, 150 women with advanced knee OA, candidates for arthroplasty in Tabriz, in the Northwest of Iran were enrolled into the study. A convenience sampling method was used, and data was collected using demographic form, short-form McGill pain questionnaire, pain self-efficacy questionnaire, self-efficacy for exercise, and functional activities scales. Results: The present pain intensity of 74.7% of women was described as excruciating with mean (±SD) score 9.58 (±0.77) in the visual analogue scale. The majority of the women had a low self-efficacy for pain, exercise, and functional activities with means of 31.8, 17.28, and 57.63 respectively. There was a significant inverse relationship between sensory and affective components of pain and self-efficacy for pain control and functional activities (P < 0.001). The sensory and affective components of pain was related to age (P < 0.05), pain control self-efficacy (P < 0.01), and BMI (P < 0.05). A great majority of the women (79.33%) used complementary medicine (CM) for pain management. Those who used CM reported lower pain and higher self-efficacy (P < 0.01). Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that life style modification and pain management education of women with OA and nurses on non-pharmacological interventions as well as integration of these into nursing care is essential.


How to cite this article:
Mirmaroofi N, Ghahramanian A, Behshid M, Jabbarzadeh F, Onyeka T C, Asghari-Jafarabadi M, Ganjpour-Sales J. Relationship between self-efficacy and pain control in Iranian women with advanced knee osteoarthritis.Niger J Clin Pract 2019;22:460-468


How to cite this URL:
Mirmaroofi N, Ghahramanian A, Behshid M, Jabbarzadeh F, Onyeka T C, Asghari-Jafarabadi M, Ganjpour-Sales J. Relationship between self-efficacy and pain control in Iranian women with advanced knee osteoarthritis. Niger J Clin Pract [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Jun 20 ];22:460-468
Available from: http://www.njcponline.com/article.asp?issn=1119-3077;year=2019;volume=22;issue=4;spage=460;epage=468;aulast=Mirmaroofi;type=0