Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 129--137

Attitude, practice orientation, benefits and barriers towards health research and publications among medical practitioners in Abia State, Nigeria: A cross-sectional study


GU Pascal Iloh1, AN Amadi2, OK Iro3, SM Agboola4, GU Aguocha5, ME Chukwuonye1 
1 Department of Family Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria
2 Department of Public Health, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Nigeria
3 Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Abia State University, Uturu, Abia State, Nigeria
4 Department of Family Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital Ido Ekiti, Nigeria
5 Department of Psychiatry, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. G U Pascal Iloh
Department of Family Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Abia State
Nigeria

Background: Health research is an essential component of medical training, education, and practice and is fundamental in establishing the scientific basis of health care. Aim: The study was aimed at describing the attitude, practice, benefits, and barriers towards health research and publications in a cross-section of medical practitioners in Abia State, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out on 210 medical practitioners in Abia State. Data collection was done using pretested, self-administered questionnaire that elicited information on attitude, practice, benefits, and barriers toward health research. Awareness of research misconduct, types of published research articles, and factors considered in selection of journals for publication of research were also studied. Results: The age of the participants ranged from 26 to 77 years. There were 173 (82.4%) men. The overall attitude toward research was moderate (x = 5.02 ± 0.96). All the respondents (100%) were involved in undergraduate research projects while 72 (34.3%) had at least one journal publication with the most commonly published articles being descriptive studies. The commonest barriers to research were financial and time constraints while the greatest benefits of research were advancement of medical knowledge and keeping practitioners abreast with evidence-based medicine. The commonest research misconduct was plagiarism while the most common factor considered in selection of journals for publication was article publication charges. Middle age group and years of practice more than 10 years were significantly associated with publication of journal articles (P < 0.05). Conclusion: This study has shown that the study participants had moderate positive attitude toward research with all the participants previously involved in undergraduate research and only one third had at least one journal publications. The commonest barriers were financial and time constraints and greatest benefits of health research was advancement of medical knowledge and keeping practitioners abreast with evidence-based medicine. Choice of journal for publications is preeminently determined by article publication charges. The most common article published and research misconduct was descriptive studies and plagiarism, respectively.


How to cite this article:
Pascal Iloh G U, Amadi A N, Iro O K, Agboola S M, Aguocha G U, Chukwuonye M E. Attitude, practice orientation, benefits and barriers towards health research and publications among medical practitioners in Abia State, Nigeria: A cross-sectional study.Niger J Clin Pract 2020;23:129-137


How to cite this URL:
Pascal Iloh G U, Amadi A N, Iro O K, Agboola S M, Aguocha G U, Chukwuonye M E. Attitude, practice orientation, benefits and barriers towards health research and publications among medical practitioners in Abia State, Nigeria: A cross-sectional study. Niger J Clin Pract [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Feb 24 ];23:129-137
Available from: http://www.njcponline.com/article.asp?issn=1119-3077;year=2020;volume=23;issue=2;spage=129;epage=137;aulast=Pascal;type=0