Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 906--911

Assessment of health-related quality of life of chronic kidney disease patients in aminu kano teaching hospital, Kano


BL Ademola1, PN Obiagwu2, A Aliyu3 
1 Consultant Nephrologist, Department of Medicine, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria
2 Consultant Paediatric Nephrologist, Department of Paediatrics, Bayero University/Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria
3 Consultant Nephrologist and Professor of Medicine, Bayero University/Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. B L Ademola
Department of Medicine, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano
Nigeria

Background: The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing globally. Recently, the concept of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) is receiving attention as a measure of treatment outcome in addition to traditional morbidity and mortality rates. Objective: To assess the HRQOL of CKD patients stages 1-5 using the Kidney Disease Quality of Life questionnaire (KDQOL). Methodology: The study was a cross-sectional study of CKD patients at a teaching hospital in north-western Nigeria during the study period. The quality of life, sociodemographic, clinical, and laboratory variables were assessed using a pro forma and the KDQOL questionnaire during regular clinic visits/dialysis sessions. Age and sex-matched healthy volunteers without evidence of renal disease were recruited from the hospital environment into a comparison group. Results: A total of 150 subjects with CKD and 150 individuals in the comparison group completed the study with 77 males and 73 females for both groups. The mean ± standard deviation (SD) ages of the CKD and comparison group was 52.83 ± 14.21 and 52.43 ± 14.50 years, respectively. Subjects in the comparison group had higher physical composite summary (PCS) and mental composite summary (MCS) scores than individuals with CKD (P value < 0.05). Subjects with CKD showed a progressive decline in the scores of all HRQOL domains with advancing CKD stages (P value < 0.05). Conclusions: The results suggest that subjects with CKD have worse HRQOL domain scores when compared to the normal population and these scores progressively worsened with advancing CKD stages.


How to cite this article:
Ademola B L, Obiagwu P N, Aliyu A. Assessment of health-related quality of life of chronic kidney disease patients in aminu kano teaching hospital, Kano.Niger J Clin Pract 2020;23:906-911


How to cite this URL:
Ademola B L, Obiagwu P N, Aliyu A. Assessment of health-related quality of life of chronic kidney disease patients in aminu kano teaching hospital, Kano. Niger J Clin Pract [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Aug 15 ];23:906-911
Available from: http://www.njcponline.com/article.asp?issn=1119-3077;year=2020;volume=23;issue=7;spage=906;epage=911;aulast=Ademola;type=0