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Year : 2007  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 147-151

Pattern of neuro-ophthalmic disorders in a tertiary eye centre in Nigeria

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin-city, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
A E Omoti
Department of Ophthalmology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin-city, Nigeria

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 17902508

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AIM: To determine the incidence and types of neuro-ophthalmic disorders at the eye clinic of University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria. METHODS: All the new patients presenting to the eye clinic of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital between May 2001 and April 2003 with neuro-ophthalmic disorders were interviewed, examined and investigated when possible. They were analysed in the context of age, gender, diagnosis, major clinical features and visual acuity. RESULTS: A total of 76 patients with neuro-ophthalmic disorders were seen among a total of 1,698 new patients giving an incidence of 4.47%. The most common disorders were motor nerve palsies (27.6%), optic neuropathies (22.4%) and migraine (14.5%). The most presenting features were poor vision (39.5%), double vision (18.4%) and headache (17.1%). Twenty-nine patients (38.2%) were blind in the affected eye. CONCLUSION: The incidence of neuro-ophthalmic disorders is relatively low but constitute a significant cause of ocular morbidity and blindness. Improvement in diagnostic facilities and awareness are required.

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