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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 25-28

Computerized tomography of children with seizure disorders

Department of Paediatrics, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
R D Wammanda
Department of Paediatrics, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 19562916

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BACKGROUND: Neuro-imaging is generally considered as part of the evaluation of seizures and epilepsy. There is limited information about its usefulness in our environment. We describe the pattern of CT findings in children with seizures in our environment. METHOD: We carried out a retrospective review of the computerized tomography findings in children with recurrent seizures over a one year period, November 2005 to October 2006. RESULTS: During the study period, 49 infants and children had computerized tomography performed on them out of which 19 had CT done for recurrent seizures. They ranged in age from 4 months to 16 years with 13 of them being boys. Generalized tonic--clonic seizures was the most predominant seizure type, being present in 10 of the 19 (52.6%) children while simple partial seizure, myoclonic jerk and mixed seizure types were present in 2 cases each. Abnormal scan was demonstrated in 10 of the 19 children (52.6%) with 3 of them having double cerebral lesions, giving a total of 13 cerebral lesion demonstrated by the CT scan. Cerebral infarct was the most common lesion demonstrated, being present in 5 of the 13 lesions (38.5%). Others were cerebral atrophy in 4 cases (30.8%), moderate ventricular dilatation 2 (15.4%) and 1 each ofporencephalic cyst, hydrocephalus and linear skull fracture. Of the 10 children with abnormal scan, 90% of them had significant past medical history, with birth asphyxia (44.4%) and meningitis (33.3%) being the commonest significant past medical history in them. CCONCLUSION There is a high incidence of abnormal scan findings in children with seizure disorder in our environment compared to what is obtained from the developed countries. Cerebral infarct appears to be the most common abnormal CT findings in our children with seizures.

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