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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 264-267

The pattern of hysterosalpingographic findings in women being investigated for intertility in Nnewi, Nigeria

1 Department of Radiology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
C O Okafor
Department of Radiology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 20857781

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Background: Tubal occlusion is the commonest cause of female infertility in the developing societies. Hysterosalpingography remains a vital method of assessing tubal patency especially in resource limited settings such as ours. Objective: To review the pattern of hysterosalpingographic findings among women being investigated for infertility in Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital Nnewi, Nigeria over a period of five years (2001-2005). Method: The data obtained from the request forms and radiologists' reports were analyzed using SPSS version 11. The level of statistical significance was set at p<0.05. Results: Of the 320 studied, 230 were found suitable for analysis. Their ages ranged from 20 to 44years (mean 32.8± 5.8years). The indications were primary infertility in 103 (44.8%), secondary infertility in 88(38.3%), while in 39(16.9%) patients the type of infertility was not specified. The reports revealed that 67(29.1%) had normal HSG. Cervical abnormalities were found in 34 (14.8%), uterine cavity abnormalities in 108(47.0%). Tubal pathologies were seen in 100(43.5%) with bilateral tubal occlusion in 43(18.7%) and bilateral hydrosalpinges in 6(2.6%) patients. Conclusion: Tubal pathology remains a major contributor to female infertility in this part of the world.

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