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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 61-67

Assessment of knowledge and factors that may predict willingness to volunteerism: A pilot study of community-directed distributors in Anambra state

1 Department of Community Medicine and PHC, Enugu State University College of Medicine, Parklane, Nigeria
2 Nnamdi Azikiwe University Medical School, Nnewi, Anambra, Nigeria
3 Department of Community Medicine, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
S U Arinze-Onyia
Department of Community Medicine and PHC, Enugu State University College of Medicine, Parklane, Enugu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1119-3077.146981

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Background: Malaria as a leading cause of death in many developing countries requires urgent interventions. In order to improve access to healthcare, trained volunteers are used to distribute health commodities. The present study aims at determining knowledge and factors that may predict willingness to volunteerism in a developing country. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out in 2014 among 284 community-directed distributors in three rural communities in Anambra, Southeast Nigeria using pretested semi-structured questionnaires. Results: The age range of volunteers was 21-79 years. Most (71.8%) are females and are married (83.1). Only 5.6% of the volunteers did not have any formal education. The predominant occupation is trading (52.5). Most volunteers (78.5%) could define the term volunteerism. Less than half (40.1%) knew the resources that could be volunteered. Most (67.3%) felt that volunteerism is most needed in church activities. Many respondents (58.8%) had volunteered for one or more programs previously. The most common challenge faced was interference with other income generating activities (66.5%). Retired males were more likely to volunteer than retired females (P ≤ 0.01). However, females are more likely to volunteer if the main reason of volunteering is to help people (P ≤ 0.01). The more educated ones believe that volunteerism will help them to be selected for other community programs. Conclusion: Most respondents had volunteered for other programs and the motivating factors included the satisfaction derived from helping others and the hope of being used for other community programs.

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