Medical and Dental Consultants’ Association of Nigeria
Home - About us - Editorial board - Search - Ahead of print - Current issue - Archives - Submit article - Instructions - Subscribe - Advertise - Contacts - Login 
  Users Online: 167   Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 85-90

Testicular volume of healthy term neonates: Determination of normative values among Igbo babies in South-Eastern Nigeria

1 Department of Paediatrics, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu, Nigeria
2 Department of Paediatrics, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
M U Ibekwe
Department of Paediatrics, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1119-3077.173704

Rights and Permissions

Background: Testicular volume (TV) in neonates has some predictive values of clinical importance. Establishing the normal values of TV among term newborn males of every population is important as differences exist among different populations. Much is not known on TV among Igbo newborns. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the normative values of TV in apparently healthy term Igbo newborn males in Enugu, South-Eastern Nigeria and its relationship with gestational age (GA), birth weight (BW), and birth length (BL). Subjects and Methods: This was a hospital-based, cross-sectional and descriptive study. Eight hundred and eleven apparently healthy term Igbo male neonates within the first 3 days of life were studied. The TV was measured with Prader Orchidometer (ZKL-135-H), ESP Model. Smoothed centiles (3–97th percentile values) for TV by GA were determined. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 17.0 (Chicago). P < 0.05 were regarded as statistically significant. Results: The mean TV was 1.74 ± 0.62 ml ranging from 1 to 3 ml. The TV increased with increasing GA (P = 0.00). Pearson's correlation test between TV and birth length (r = 0.301, P = 0.001), as well as with BW (r = 0.247, P = 0.001) were significant. A linear regression demonstrated correlation between TV and birth length (P = 0.0001, r2 = 0.091). Conclusion: The mean TV among male Igbo newborn is 1.74 ± 0.62 ml. Also, the first smoothed percentile values for TV by GA for Nigerian Igbo babies is created.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded259    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 1    

Recommend this journal