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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 11  |  Page : 1497-1500

Is age a determinant for nausea and vomiting in disabled patients after dental treatment under sedation?

1 Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Oral Maxilla-Facial Surgery, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey
2 Faculty of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey
3 Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Hüseyin Cihad Turgut
Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Oral Maxilla-Facial Surgery, (Anesthesiology and Reanimation Specialist). Gazi University, Ankara
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1119-3077.222296

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Background and Aim: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is one of most frequently encountered problems after dental treatment of mentally and/or motor disabled patients under sedation or general anesthesia. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether PONV incidence in disabled patients differs between adults (≥18 years) and children/teenage (<18 years). Also investigating complication rates related with anesthesia protocols were additional objectives of the study. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated anesthesia reports of 664 cases undergone different dental treatment procedures under deep sedation with various anesthetic agents. Two study groups (Group 1 consisted from patients with special needs <18 years, while Group 2 consisted from patients ≥18 years) were created. PONV incidence and other complications recorded. Results: There was no statistical difference between groups in terms of used anesthetic agent except midazolam (P < 0.017), while higher female/male ratio and longer duration of anesthesia was recorded in Group 2 (P = 0.043 and P = 0.046, respectively). We found significantly higher PONV rates in disabled patients under 18 years (P = 0.006). Hypoxia (peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) <90%) and bradycardia (heart rate <50/minute) were observed in only two patients. Conclusion: PONV is more common in disabled patients younger than 18 years and dental treatment procedures under deep sedation can be provided with acceptable complication rates in patients with special needs.

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