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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 82-87

Comparison of the body compositions in obese and nonobese individuals: Can learning body compositions motivate losing weight?

Department of Family Medicine, Meram Medical Faculty, University of Necmettin Erbakan, Konya, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. R Kutlu
Department of Family Medicine, Meram Medical Faculty, University of Necmettin Erbakan, Konya
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1119-3077.180075

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Background: Obesity is one of the leading preventable causes of death worldwide. Objective: To compare body compositions in obese and nonobese individuals. Methods: This cross-sectional study constituted of 428 individuals. Body compositions were determined using the Tanita. Results: Of all the participants, 300 (70.1%) were female. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 30.8% and 47.7%, respectively. Having low educational level, female gender, not working, being married, and nonsmoker significantly increased more in obese than nonobese (P < 0.001). Total body water, visceral fat accumulation, body mass index, resting metabolic rate, fat-free mass, bone mass, and muscle mass were significantly higher in obese when compared to those with nonobese (P < 0.001). Thirteen percent of the participants were thinking of changing their diet and lifestyle to lose weight at the beginning. After learning their body compositions, the rate increased to 60% who decided to modify their lifestyle and asked for help to lose weight. This behavior change was significant in especially the overweighted participants (P = 0.025). Conclusion: The changes in body composition are associated with obesity and increased risk for certain cancers, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus. Learning the health risks can motivate losing weight. Multicentered studies can be illuminating different cultural factors about obesity.

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