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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 752-757

Epidemiology of injuries seen in a nigerian tertiary hospital

1 Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Ituku-Ozalla, Nigeria
2 Department of Surgery, Enugu State University, Teaching Hospital, Parklane, Enugu, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. N O C Onyemaechi
Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_263_17

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Background: The study aimed to describe the pattern of injuries among patients presenting at a tertiary care hospital in Enugu southeast Nigeria. Patients and Methods: A retrospective review of records of all injured patients seen in our hospital over a 12-month period was done. Results: A total of 789 patients had complete medical records and were included in the study. Road traffic accident (RTA) was the most common cause of injury. Lacerations/abrasions, fractures, and traumatic brain injury (TBI) were the most frequently seen injuries. The injury severity score (ISS) of the patients ranged from 1 to 50 with a mean score of 8.9 ± 3.5. RTAs were responsible for 90.8% of patients with ISS >15. Patients with ISS >15 contributed to 64.1% of all deaths. The mortality rate was 4.5%. Most deaths resulted from RTA and were associated with TBI (P = 0.001). Conclusion: Lacerations and fractures were the most common injuries. RTA was the leading cause of injury. TBI was the most common cause of injury-related death.

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