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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 10  |  Page : 1345-1355

Effects of exercise on periodontal parameters in obese women


1 Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul Medipol University, Istanbul, Turkey (Previously Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, Turkey), Turkey
2 Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, Turkey
3 Sport Sciences PhD, New Jersey, United States (Previously Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, Turkey)
4 Biobehavioral Sciences, Teacher College, Columbia University, New York, United States (Previously Department of Coaching, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, Turkey), United States
5 Department of Physical Education and Sports Teaching, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Istanbul Gedik University, Istanbul, Turkey (Previously Department of Coaching, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, Turkey), Turkey
6 Department of Medical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, Turkey
7 Life Sciences Application and Research Center, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey
8 Specialist in Periodontology, Private Practice, Kocaeli, Turkey (Previously Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, Turkey), Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Prof. E Guzeldemir-Akcakanat
Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Kocaeli University, 41190, Basiskele Kocaeli
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_627_19

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Background: Several studies have demonstrated an association between obesity, periodontitis, and exercise. Aims: This study aimed to investigate the effects of regular exercise on obese women with periodontal disease, using serum, saliva, and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples. A before–after study design was adopted to evaluate the effects of 12 weeks of regular exercise on obese women grouped according to periodontal status, without a control group (no exercise). The study sample comprised of 15 patients without periodontitis (NP group) and 10 patients with chronic periodontitis (CP group), from whom periodontal parameters were measured and serum, saliva, and GCF samples were collected. Body mass index (BMI), anthropometric measurements, somatotype-motoric tests, and maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) were recorded at baseline and after exercise. Subjects and Methods: Med Calc was used for statistical analysis. Results: After exercise, a significant decrease in BMI and a significant increase in VO2max were observed in both groups. A significant decrease in probing depth and clinical attachment loss, serum leptin, GCF tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and leptin, and a significant increase in GCF resistin were observed in the CP group. A significant decrease in serum TNF-α and leptin levels and a significant increase in serum resistin and GCF TNF-α, leptin, resistin, and adiponectin levels were observed in the NP group. Significant correlations between bleeding on probing and levels of interleukin-1β and leptin in GCF were observed in the CP group. Conclusions: This study showed that regular exercise exerts different impacts with respect to clinical and biochemical aspects of periodontal and systemic conditions in obese women.


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