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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 539-544

Comparative efficacy of medical treatment versus surgical sphincterotomy in the treatment of chronic anal fissure

Department of General Surgery, Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, İzmir Katip Çelebi University, Çigli, İzmir, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. T Acar
Izmir Katip Celebi University, Atatürk Traininn and Research Hospital, General Surgery Clinic, Çigli, Izmir
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_383_19

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Background: Anal fissure which is defined as a longitudinal tear in anoderm below the dentate line is one of the most common benign diseases of anorectal area. Severe pain during the defecation and emotional stress that it causes may reduce people's quality of life. Aims: In this randomized clinical trial, we aimed to compare the efficiency of the topical ointment with medical treatment and surgical lateral internal sphincterotomy. Method: This is a randomized clinical trial of 550 patients who were treated for chronic anal fissure. Patients were randomly divided into 4 groups according to the treatment type they received. Results: In a vast majority of the patients, the primary complaint was pain (92.3%) and bleeding during defecation (62%). Both pain relief and healing of the fissure, which are the components of response to treatment, had not been observed in 56 (37.3%) patients of topical nitroglycerin ointment group until the second month. Among the recalcitrant patients in both topical nitroglycerin (56) and topical diltiazem ointment (47) groups, 27 (48.2%), and 36 (76.5%) patients underwent surgery, respectively. The best response to treatment was also obtained in lateral internal sphincterotomy group. Conclusion: LIS is still the gold standard for the treatment of chronic anal fissure when the physicians would like to avoid recurrence and obtain the best pain relief.

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