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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 1201-1206

Development of relationship with patient self efficacy scale: Gender, department, and grade level differences

1 Department of Public Health Nursing, Sakarya University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Sakarya, Turkey
2 Department of Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing, Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Muğla, Turkey
3 Department of Educational Sciences, Sakarya University, Faculty of Education, Sakarya, Turkey
4 Department of Midwifery, Sakarya University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Sakarya, Turkey
5 Department of Psychiatric Health Nursing, Sakarya University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Sakarya, Turkey
6 Department of Nursing of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. A Cevirme
Sakarya University, School of Health, Public Health Nursing, Sakarya
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_243_18

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Background: Self-efficacy has become a cross-disciplinary concept. In the field of healthcare, this concept is considered crucial for nurses; who play an important role in improving the health and well-being of the community. Aims: The aim of this study was to develop a “Relationship-with-the-patient self-efficacy scale” (RPSES). Methodology: A sample of 331 university students (310 females and 21 males; 168 from the midwifery and 162 from the nursing departments) were enrolled in the study. Out of 24 items, 8 behavior items with the highest factor loadings were selected regarding the nurse-patient-relationship self-efficacy according to the results of the preliminary exploratory factor analysis. Results: The final exploratory factor analysis revealed that the selected 8 items of RPSES had a single factor, explaining 83.28% of the total variance. The Cronbach alpha reliability coefficient was c alculated as 0.97. Conclusion: This scale has beendemonstrated to be a valid and reliable instrument.The analyses unfolded that RPSES scores of the students were not different between men and womenand did not differ by the departments the students attended; however, the RPSES scores were different by the grade levels of the students (juniors and seniors). The fourth graders' RPSES scores were higher than those of third graders.

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