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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 11  |  Page : 1779-1784

Can scoring systems be used for the triage of COVID-19 patients?

1 Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Ordu University School of Medicine, Ordu, Turkey
2 Department of Family Medicine, Ordu State Hospital, Ordu, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Z Cebeci
Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Training and Research Hospital, Ordu University School of Medicine, Bucak Town, Nefs I Bucak Street, Ordu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_1617_21

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Background and Aim: Whether to send COVID-19 patients home with quarantine measures or to hospitalize and treat them on an inpatient basis is a very important decision in the treatment of COVID-19 patients. This study aimed to introduce a scoring system that will enable making decisions on inpatient or outpatient treatment of patients by scoring their symptoms, clinical, radiological, and laboratory results during the initial assessment. Materials and Methods: Data of patients over 18 years of age, examined for COVID-19 between March 11, 2020, and May 31, 2020, and who had a positive PCR result, and their radiological (computed tomography reports) and blood test (complete blood count, blood gas and laboratory results) results were recorded to develop our scoring system. Results: A comparison of COVID-19 patients, who received outpatient and inpatient treatments by age variable, revealed a significant result (P < 0.001). The comparison of laboratory results showed a significant difference between both groups (P < 0.001). The comparison of the groups by the presence of comorbidity also revealed a significant result (P < 0.001). According to the scoring system that we developed (Cebeci score), a score of 5 points and above had a specificity of 81% and a sensitivity of 88% for indicating the probability of receiving inpatient treatment. Conclusion: We believe that the scoring system we developed will be a simple, practical, and leading guide for physicians to avoid dilemmas regarding the issue of whether to quarantine patients at home or to hospitalize them in order to use medical resources effectively.

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