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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 569-575

Ocular biometry characteristics and its relationship with age, gender, spherical equivalent in Turkish children

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Beylikduzu State Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
2 Department of Opticianry, Vocational School of Health Services, Gelisim University, Istanbul, Turkey
3 Department of Biostatistics and Medical information, Hatay Mustafa Kemal University Faculty of Medicine Hatay, Turkey
4 Department of Child Development, Vocational School of Health Services, Gelisim University, Istanbul, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. O Dayi
Department of Ophthalmology, Beylikduzu State Hospital, Pinartepe Mah. Yavuz Sultan Selim Bulv. 253 Sok. No: 8, Pınartepe, Buyukcekmece, 34500, Istanbul
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_1277_21

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Background: Studying ocular biometric parameters in different populations and determining the relationship with personal characteristics can provide valuable information about ocular growth and help provide a better understanding of refractive errors. Aims: To describe distributions of ocular biometry and to evaluate its associations with age, gender, spheric equivalent in Turkish children. Patients and Methods: In this prospective study 344 children aged 3-14 years were evaluated. Parameters studied included axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), and mean corneal radius (CR) measured with optical biometry. Cycloplegic refraction values were obtained using autorefractometer. The change of biometric parameters according to age and gender were evaluated. The relationship between ocular biometry parameters with refraction and age was analyzed by linear regression. Results: Mean spherical equivalent (SE), AL, ACD and AL/CR observed to be lowest in the preschooler group (P < 0.001). SE reduced with age, and a weak correlation observed between SE and age (r = -0.333). AL and ACD had moderate and weak positive correlations with age respectively (r = 0.511; r = 0.304). There were negative correlations between SE with AL, ACD and AL/CR (r = -0.826; r = -0.540; r = -0.886). The strongest correlation with SE among these parameters was identified for AL/CR. AL and ACD were higher in boys, while the CR was lower in girls (p < 0.001). Conclusion: While AL in children in late schooler group is higher than European countries, it shows similar characteristics in early schooler group. In addition AL is lower in all age groups than Asian population sexcept preschooler group. With age AL increases, SE decreases and AL plays a key role in refractive development.

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