Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice

ARTICLE
Year
: 2009  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 379--382

Nasopharyngeal cancer in North--Eastern Nigeria : Clinical trends


HI Garandawa, BM Ahmad, HA Nggada 
 Department of ENT Surgery, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri

Correspondence Address:
H I Garandawa
Department of ENT Surgery, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri

BACKGROUND: Nasopharyngeal cancer is the malignancy of the posterior aspect of the nose called Nasopharynx. It is one of the most difficult diseases to diagnose at an early stage. AIM: To determine prevalence, clinical trends and histopathological types of Nasopharyngeal cancer in Maiduguri, North Eastern Nigeria. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Fifteen year retrospective evaluation of patient«SQ»s case notes and cancer registry records of 40 patients with histologically confirmed nasopharyngeal cancer between 1991-2005. RESULTS: Nasopharyngeal cancers constituted 35.1% of all malignancies of ear, nose, throat during the study period. The M:F was 2.1-1, the mean age was 39(+/- 16.5) years and a peak age group and its occurrence of 40-49 years. The commonest symptom at presentation were cervical lymphadenopathy (72.5%), rhinorrhoea (55%), epistaxis(45%). The commonest histological type was squamous cell carcinoma(92.5%). Patients who received chemotherapy in addition to radiotherapy and higher symptom free period. CONCLUSION: Cancer is a difficult disease to diagnose at an stage. A meticulous ear, nose and throat examination and thorough evaluation of nasal symptoms with associated cervical lymphadenopathy may lead to an early diagnosis of nasopharyngeal cancer«SQ»s.


How to cite this article:
Garandawa H I, Ahmad B M, Nggada H A. Nasopharyngeal cancer in North--Eastern Nigeria : Clinical trends.Niger J Clin Pract 2009;12:379-382


How to cite this URL:
Garandawa H I, Ahmad B M, Nggada H A. Nasopharyngeal cancer in North--Eastern Nigeria : Clinical trends. Niger J Clin Pract [serial online] 2009 [cited 2020 Oct 23 ];12:379-382
Available from: https://www.njcponline.com/article.asp?issn=1119-3077;year=2009;volume=12;issue=4;spage=379;epage=382;aulast=Garandawa;type=0