Year : 2017 | Volume
: 20 | Issue : 1 | Page : 57--60
Prevalence of mandibular and palatine tori among the Ibos in Enugu, South-East Nigeria
SN Maduakor1, MC Nwoga2
1 Department of Preventive Dentistry, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu, Nigeria
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Oral Pathology Unit, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu, Nigeria
Context: Torus mandibularis (TM) and torus palatinus (TP) are believed to occur commonly among black Africans. There is a dearth of literature on Nigerians. The few reported studies were done in the South-West Nigeria. This is the first report of the prevalence of tori among the Ibo-speaking ethnic group in the South-East Nigeria.
Settings and Design: This is a prospective cross-sectional study of 3000 subjects of Ibo ethnic extraction attending a dental clinic in Enugu, South-East Nigeria.
Materials and Methods: Three thousand subjects were examined for the isolated and concurrent occurrence of TM and TP. The subjects were seen over a 4-year period. The age, sex, ethnic group, type of tori based on location, and symptomatic awareness of tori presence were documented.
Statistical Analysis Used: The data were analyzed with Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 17. The level of significance was P< 0.05. The Chi-square test showed no statistically significant difference between gender and type of tori (P = 0.34). Similarly, there was no statistically significant difference between the age groups and type of tori (P = 0.38).
Results: Two hundred and ninety-two subjects were clinically diagnosed with tori, of which females constituted 88%, and males constituted 12%. Isolated TM occurred in 56.8% (166 of 292) subjects, isolated TP in 17.5% (51 of 292) subjects, and concurrent tori (TM and TP) in 25.7% (75 of 292) subjects. The peak occurrence was in the fifth decade. The overall prevalence was 9.7%. The prevalences of TM (isolated and concurrent) and TP (isolated and concurrent) were 8.0% and 4.2%, respectively.
Conclusions: The prevalence values are within the range of values reported in other Nigerian studies but differ widely with values from other ethnic groups from other countries.
Dr. M C Nwoga
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Oral Pathology Unit, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu
|How to cite this article:|
Maduakor S N, Nwoga M C. Prevalence of mandibular and palatine tori among the Ibos in Enugu, South-East Nigeria.Niger J Clin Pract 2017;20:57-60
|How to cite this URL:|
Maduakor S N, Nwoga M C. Prevalence of mandibular and palatine tori among the Ibos in Enugu, South-East Nigeria. Niger J Clin Pract [serial online] 2017 [cited 2020 Nov 27 ];20:57-60
Available from: https://www.njcponline.com/article.asp?issn=1119-3077;year=2017;volume=20;issue=1;spage=57;epage=60;aulast=Maduakor;type=0