Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 752--757

Epidemiology of injuries seen in a nigerian tertiary hospital


NO C Onyemaechi1, OE Nwankwo1, RA Ezeadawi2 
1 Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Ituku-Ozalla, Nigeria
2 Department of Surgery, Enugu State University, Teaching Hospital, Parklane, Enugu, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. N O C Onyemaechi
Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu
Nigeria

Background: The study aimed to describe the pattern of injuries among patients presenting at a tertiary care hospital in Enugu southeast Nigeria. Patients and Methods: A retrospective review of records of all injured patients seen in our hospital over a 12-month period was done. Results: A total of 789 patients had complete medical records and were included in the study. Road traffic accident (RTA) was the most common cause of injury. Lacerations/abrasions, fractures, and traumatic brain injury (TBI) were the most frequently seen injuries. The injury severity score (ISS) of the patients ranged from 1 to 50 with a mean score of 8.9 ± 3.5. RTAs were responsible for 90.8% of patients with ISS >15. Patients with ISS >15 contributed to 64.1% of all deaths. The mortality rate was 4.5%. Most deaths resulted from RTA and were associated with TBI (P = 0.001). Conclusion: Lacerations and fractures were the most common injuries. RTA was the leading cause of injury. TBI was the most common cause of injury-related death.


How to cite this article:
C Onyemaechi N O, Nwankwo O E, Ezeadawi R A. Epidemiology of injuries seen in a nigerian tertiary hospital.Niger J Clin Pract 2018;21:752-757


How to cite this URL:
C Onyemaechi N O, Nwankwo O E, Ezeadawi R A. Epidemiology of injuries seen in a nigerian tertiary hospital. Niger J Clin Pract [serial online] 2018 [cited 2021 Nov 29 ];21:752-757
Available from: https://www.njcponline.com/article.asp?issn=1119-3077;year=2018;volume=21;issue=6;spage=752;epage=757;aulast=C;type=0